Like humans, horses go through various developmental stages, and each phase has a peculiar name concerning gender and other qualities.
The horse is categorized into six different types; foal, colt, stallion, ridgling, stud, and gelding – the question arises, “What is a male horse called?”
Well, it depends on several factors such as age, medical conditions, and sometimes, their locations.
However, a fully mature, adult horse is called a Stallion. But before a stallion, a horse goes through various development phases.
- 1 Foal
- 2 Colt
- 3 Stallion
- 4 Gelding
- 5 Stud
- 6 Some Fun Facts About Stallions
- 7 Tips to get your stallion doing what you ask
- 8 Male Horse Name Ideas
- 9 Final Thoughts
A baby horse that is less than a year old regardless of gender is known as a foal.
Foals, at birth, are as vulnerable as a human child. They are usually fed the mare’s milk for the first three months to promote a healthy growth rate. After three months, the foal requires extra nutrients to fulfill its bodily needs, and therefore, it feeds on grass, hay, and grains.
On average, a foal grows rapidly, and four years later, it enters the next developmental stage.
When the foal turns into a colt, you should begin training your horse. A colt is under four years of age and is usually kicked out of the herd by the stallions, and that’s when effective horse training comes in handy.
Ultimately, training a colt is no different than training a stallion, which requires an equestrian’s dedication, time, and patience.
Stallion is a mature horse over four years old with extraordinary characteristics such as a thick cresty neck, muscular body structure, and fiery temperament due to hormonal differences.
Stallions are neither neutered nor castrated, and so they possess sex-driven behaviors which may cause trouble in their training sessions.
If you are a novice horse rider, it is recommended that you avoid stallions, as they are aggressive, dominant, and might end up harming you.
Do you know?
Stallions are the most popular in show jumping and dressage work.
Fun Fact: Stallions with low-pitch whinnies are more fertile and attract most mares.
The castrated horses regardless of their age, are known as Gelding.
The process of gelding serves various purposes, such as making the horse placid and easy to deal with or controlling the quality of breeds.
Geldings are used in upper-level equestrian activities since stallions are more stubborn and have behavioral problems like nipping, rearing, prancing, etc.
It is recommended to castrate when your colt as soon as possible to prevent underlying drives for unwanted behaviors.
Stud is a male horse used for mating.
A rig or ridgling shows the properties of both geldings and stallions.
Ridglings have undescended testicles making them unable to reproduce but continue to produce testosterone throughout their lives. This condition is called Cryptorchidism, which causes ridgling to exhibit stallion-like behaviors.
In some cases, expert equestrians believe that ridglings are far more temperamental than stallions. Hence, it is better to avoid them.
Some Fun Facts About Stallions
Now that you know what a male horse is called. Let’s discuss some facts and information about stallions.
Not all stallions are bold.
So far, we’ve learned that stallions are stubborn, aggressive, and difficult to handle.
But do you know? Not all stallions are the same!
Some are docile, gentle, and easy to handle. The stallions’ behavior wholly depends on their breed, training, and overall environment in which they are bred.
However, it’s always wise to be cautious around stallions as they can be super unpredictable and cause potential harm.
They Possess Different Herd Behaviors
Like humans, stallions are either taken or single. Therefore, in wild, stallions form either family or bachelor herds.
In family herds, stallions lead a group of mares (female horses) along with the foals. While in bachelor herds, young stallions who haven’t started a family yet can be seen traveling and socializing.
Stallions are passionate fighters.
Despite being aggressive, territorial, and dominating, stallions do not fight frivolously. However, when they feel frightened and threatened, things can get a bit serious. Even then, the weaker ones might flee.
In hindsight, it’s always best to avoid keeping stallions and mares out to pasture together, which might end up in serious fights and injuries.
Stallions demand training and attention.
If you’re willing to handle a stallion, be sure to train it properly. Stallions can give their handlers a tough time, so it’s imperative to teach them to respect and obey their owners.
Stallion can get along with geldings and other stallions pretty well – provided that they are trained and accessed individually.
Isolation and confinement are your stallion’s best bets. However, since stallions are social animals, it’s not always the ideal approach.
Tips to get your stallion doing what you ask
No matter how many tips and tricks you read, nothing is going to work if you’re not getting your hands dirty.
Here are a few tips to get your stallion doing what you want.
Build a positive bond
Before taking ownership of a stallion, a person should be knowledgeable in this field. Even if you’re a novice owner, you will do great if you start things slow and steady.
Build and maintain a positive bond with your stallion and avoid shouting or yelling at it under all circumstances.
A stallion automatically obeys his keeper when he enjoys his company. Therefore, the first step is to build and maintain trust between the two of you.
One command at a time.
The most crucial tip often overlooked by novice horse owners is commanding one task at a time.
Teaching more than one command concurrently not only makes it difficult for your stallion to learn but often creates “information overload” that these poor animals cannot process.
Follow the rule of three.
When your stallion obeys your commands, ask him to follow instructions two other times. But don’t let him do repetitive tasks more than three times.
Once he has done the task three times, take him on a stroll or ride around the town to reward him. You can always come back again and command later.
Work on Improvements
The next step is to work on response improvements. But before you work on enhancements, try to get your stallion’s response consistently.
Once the consistency is achieved, work on further developments and stick to the routine.
Incorporate negative and positive reinforcement
Novice horse keepers believe that negative reinforcement means punishment while the latter means rewards.
Expert equestrians suggest otherwise.
Negative and positive reinforcement, if done right, can be considered rewards. Negative reinforcement could be the removal of anything that’s discomforting to the stallion, and positive reinforcement could mean adding anything for the sake of comfort.
Veteran horse trainers use negative and positive reinforcements consistently after a learned behavior occurs until that behavior becomes the habit.
However, you should always keep check and balance since too many rewards might end the “purpose” of your training and your stallion might forget the “reason” behind the reward.
Go back to square one.
If you notice your stallion behavior going backward, go back to square one and start again. This time, work on getting better with the commands.
Male Horse Name Ideas
Naming a male horse comes with its own set of rules like choosing a catchy name with no obscenities and repetitions. While choosing a unique name for your stallion, ask yourself the following questions.
Does it make you smile?
Does it create a powerful image in your mind?
Does it sound good to others?
If the answer to these questions is in your favor, you can name your stallion whatever suits you.
However, if you are a novice horse owner who’s struggling to find a decent name for your horse. You can try the following names:
So, now you know the answer to the most common question, “what is a male horse called.”
Male horses go by different names depending on the age, medical conditions, and sometimes, location. However, the term stallion is the most eminent for male horses.
This article sheds light on various types of horses and highlights some of the easiest tips to get your stallion to do what you want.